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Stamping is a method of forming a workpiece (stamping part) of a desired shape and size by applying an external force to a plate, a strip, a pipe, a profile, and the like by a press and a die to cause plastic deformation or separation. Stamping and forging are the same plastic processing (or pressure processing), collectively called forging. The stamped blanks are mainly hot rolled and cold rolled steel sheets and strips. Of the world's steel, 60 to 70% are sheets, most of which are stamped into finished products.
Stamping processing is the production technology of product parts with certain shape, size and performance by means of the power of conventional or special stamping equipment, which directly deforms and deforms the sheet in the mold. Sheets, molds and equipment are the three elements of stamping. According to the stamping processing temperature, it is divided into hot stamping and cold stamping. The former is suitable for sheet processing with high deformation resistance and poor plasticity; the latter is carried out at room temperature, which is a common stamping method for thin sheets. It is one of the main methods of metal plastic processing (or pressure processing) and is also part of the material forming engineering technology.